This is a translated article of Identidad y Memoria de Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon written by Antonio Guerrero Aguilar. The original article can be found on the following website,

Lucas Garcia is my 10th great grandfather and I also descend from him directly, as well as through other lineages. The words in red are my addition to the text.

On June 3, 1624, Lucas García asked to revalidate the titles that were lost during the assault of Huajuco and Colmillo. The founder of Santa Catarina was originally from Portugal. His date of birth is unknown, son of Baltazar Castaño de Sosa and Inés Rodríguez (don Diego de Montemayor’s daughter). At a young age, he moved to New Spain and was present at the foundation of the Villa de Santiago del Saltillo in 1577 (his father, don Baltazar, was one of the founder’s of la Villa de Santiago del Saltillo). He participated in war and pacification actions alongside Alberto del Canto, Diego de Montemayor (Lucas’s maternal grandfather), and Manuel de Mederos. He reached the rank of captain. He married Juliana de Quintanilla and they formed an integrated family of eleven children.

For more information on Baltazar Castaño de Sosa click on Castaño de Sosa…Basque?
captain Lucas Garcia

Statue of Captain Lucas Garcia in Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon.

Lucas and his family were one of the twelve families who accompanied Diego de Montemayor in the founding of the Metropolitan City of Our Lady of Monterrey on September 20, 1596. He was granted the lands that were between Saltillo and Monterrey that received the name of Santa Catalina and it became a hacienda due to the good lands and the water that flowed out of the Boca del Potrero de Santa Catalina. On November 20, 1596, due to the orographic conditions, important silver veins were soon located that allowed the development of the hacienda. According to oral tradition, the hacienda of Santa Catalina was established in the place known as El Mármol, located on República Street behind an estate known as La Muralla.

On May 31, 1624, Indian caciques Huajuco and Colmillo attacked the hacienda of Santa Catalina. They burned the big house, the warehouses and the deeds of the property of the hacienda were lost, for that reason they had to move the big house near where the temple of Santa Catarina currently is. Captain Lucas García learned the native languages ​​and for the good treatment that he gave to the native tribes, the ethnic nations called him “the captain of peace”. He was a councilman of Monterrey in 1599, 1601, 1605 and 1606. Ordinary Mayor of Monterrey in 1602, 1603, 1607, 1611, 1624, 1627 and 1628. In 1616 he was appointed Procurator of the New Kingdom of León. He died between 1630 and 1631.

Marriage Record of Manuel Perez and Teresa Perez, my 2nd great-grandparents, who were married in Lampazos, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, on April 14, 1877. The parents of Manuel Perez were Jose Maria Perez and Francisca Galindo. Teresa Perez parents were Pedro Perez and Francisca Garza.


México matrimonios, 1570-1950,” database, FamilySearch( : 10 February 2018), Manuel Peres and Teresa Peres, 14 Apr 1877; citing San Juan Bautista,Lampazos De Naranjo,Nuevo Leon,Mexico, reference ; FHL microfilm 605,568, 605,576, 605,577.

The text reads as follows:

“En la Iglesia Parroquial de la Villa de Lampazos a los catorce (14th) dias del mes de Abril del año de mil ochocientos setenta y siete. Yo el Presbitero Jose de Jesus Garcia Fernandez, Cura propio de esta Parroquia previas los tres moniciones conciliares que los fueron los dias once, diez y ocho, y veintiuno de Marzo del corriente año, case y vele in facie Ecclesiae a Don Manuel Perez, soltero de la edad de diez y ocho (18) años, vecino de esta Villa, hijo legitimo de Don Jose Maria Perez y de Doña Francisca Galindo, con Doña Teresa Perez, doncella de quince (15) años de edad de la misma vencindad, hija legitima de Don Pedro Perez y Doña Francisca Garza, fueron testigos de este matrimoñio Don Cristobal Perez y Don Jesus Santos, lo que para constancia firmo.

Jose de Jesus Garcia Fernandez”

For those in search of a map that includes Nuevo Leon, Nuevo Santander, and the Mexican coast look no farther.  The following map can be acquired from the Spanish Archives (Archivos de Espana).  The link below will lead you to the website.

The PARES (Portal de Archivos Espanoles) will appear, click on the Busqueda Sencilla. Once you click on it type “Mapa de Nuevo Leon” or whatever subject you might be researching in Buscar.  A list of different archives will appear, click on “Mapas, planos, documentos iconográficos y documentos especiales“, then different records will appear.

The map posted here is under “Mapa de las provincias del Nuevo Santander, Nuevo Reino de Leon y Costa del Seno Mexicano”. This map was created in July 25, 1795.

mapa Nuevon Leon, Nuevo Santander, y costa de seno


For those interested in the history of Texas and Northeastern Mexico make sure to get your hands on this detailed book, Texas and Northeastern Mexico, 1630-1690. It was written by Juan Bautista Chapa, also known as the “Anonymous Author”. This book was first published until 1909.20190108_152056.jpg

In this account, Chapa reveals to us the history and colonization of Northeastern Mexico and Texas. He also included the struggles between the settlers and indigenous tribes.

We also find the only account of the Spanish expeditions that took place in the 1660s against the Cacaxtle Indians.

Included in this book is a list and locations of over 300 Indian tribes, the vegetation, wildlife, and climate of the area during the 17th century.

Theodore Roosevelt served as the 26th President of the United States from September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909. Besides being the President of the United States, he also served as Police Commissioner of New York City, he was also appointed as the Assitant Secretary of the Navy in 1897 by President McKinley. When the American-Spanish War began in 1898  he resigned from the position of Assitant Secretary of the Navy. After his resignation, he and Army Colonel Leonard Wood formed the First US Volunteer Cavalry Regiment also known as the Rough Riders.

I believe that we can look into his life and learn from this great man’s experience and acquire some knowledge of that I believe would be fundamental for us.

These five quotes by Theodore Roosevelt reveal to us, men, that it is not the critic that determines the outcome in our lives but instead he pins the outcome of our goals, which are our responsibility, on our backs. I hope these quotes motivates us to inquire about our life standings, our roles in society, and on how to be better men overall in serving our family, country, and faith.

“It is not the critic who counts: not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles or where the doer of deeds could have done better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood, who strives valiantly, who errs and comes up short again and again, because there is no effort without error or shortcoming, but who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, who spends himself for a worthy cause; who, at the best, knows, in the end, the triumph of high achievement, and who, at the worst, if he fails, at least he fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who knew neither victory nor defeat.”-–Theodore Roosevelt, Citizenship in a Republic, Speech at the Sorbonne, Paris, April 23, 1910

“The only man who never makes a mistake is the man who never does anything.”

“We need the iron qualities that go with true manhood. We need the positive virtues of resolution, of courage, of indomitable will, of power to do without shrinking the rough work that must always be done.”


Col Theodore Roosevelt stands triumphant on San Juan Hill, Cuba after his “Rough Riders” captured this hill and its sister Kettle Hill during the Spanish American War.

“If you could kick the person in the pants responsible for most of your trouble, you wouldn’t sit for a month.”

“No man is worth his salt who is not ready at all times to risk his well-being, to risk his body, to risk his life, in a great cause.”

     ∗These photos of Theodore Roosevelt were acquired from, President Theodore Roosevelt. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Theodore Roosevelt Digital Library. Dickinson State University.



Many Centuries were to pass before the God that spake in the Burning Bush was to manifest Himself in a new revelation, which nevertheless was the oldest of all the inspirations of the Hebrew people—as the God not only of Israel, but of all mankind who wished to serve Him; a God not only of justice, but of mercy; a God not only of self-preservation and survival, but of pity, self-sacrifice, and ineffable love.

Sir Winton Churchill

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